Download laravel’s vagrant box
first we download vagrant box for laravel,
vagrant box add laravel/homestead
this will download the box named
"laravel/homestead" from HashiCorp’s Atlas box catalog and add it to your vagrant’s box list.
You can verify the box exist by running:
$ vagrant box list laravel/homestead (virtualbox, 0.2.7) puppetlabs/centos-7.0-64-puppet (virtualbox, 1.0.1)
or verify your vagrant.d path
$ ls ~/.vagrant.d/boxes/laravel* laravel-VAGRANTSLASH-homestead/
if you encounter any problems, download the box directly from HashiCorp’s Atlas box catalog and add it like this:
vagrant box add laravel/homestead path/to/your/box/file.box
Homestead’s official workflow is that you clone homestead to your local environment, and bootstrap it to your local environment,
cd Projectfolder git clone https://github.com/laravel/homestead.git Homestead bash init.sh
this will essentially create the
Homestead.yaml and place it in your
~/.homestead directory, subsequently this will allow you to map each project folder to the same homestead box
folders: - map: ~/Code to: /home/vagrant/Code
My Homestead structure
I favor keeping a single homestead box per project.
- This to me follows the vagrant practice of saving your vagrant file to your project, but excluding your .vagrant from your git repository.
- This also allows me to keep a
Homestead.yamlinside my project folder, but separate from the actual Homestead project folder, following, their own convention of
bash init.shthat copies the
Homestead.yamlfrom the source the root of the
├── projectfolder/ │ ├── Homestead.yaml # homestead config saved in project root │ ├── public/ │ ├── Homestead/ # homestead project, also ignored in git │ │ ├── Homestead.yaml │ │ ├── LICENSE.txt │ │ ├── Vagrantfile │ │ ├── composer.json │ │ ├── composer.lock │ │ ├── homestead │ │ ├── init.sh │ │ ├── readme.md │ │ ├── scripts/ │ │ ├── src/ │ │ │ └── stubs/ # homestead source configs, good reference for version changes │ │ │ ├── Homestead.yaml │ │ │ ├── LocalizedVagrantfile │ │ │ ├── after.sh │ │ │ └── aliases │ │ └── vendor # vendor required to bootstrap application
create homestead folder in the root of your project.
cd Projectfolder git clone https://github.com/laravel/homestead.git Homestead mkdir -p Homestead/.homestead
exclude Homestead from .gitignore this now comes default with L5.1
echo 'Homestead' >> .gitignore
import or create your current Homestead.yaml to the newly cloned Homestead
cp Homestead.yaml Homestead/ OR cp Homestead/src/stubs/Homestead.yaml Homestead
Homestead/Vagrantfile set the Homestead path
confDir = $confDir ||= File.expand_path("../Homestead")
and if you intend on keeping several homestead instances like me, do the following and define Homestead’s default name
... config.vm.define "laravel5dev" do |laravel5dev| end if File.exists? afterScriptPath then config.vm.provision "shell", path: afterScriptPath end
create keys, that will allow you to ssh into vagrant box,
cd Projectfolder ssh-keygen -t rsa -f "Homesteademail@example.com" -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
that’s it, at this point you are ready for configuring our vm.
after configuration, we install the composer dependencies on Homestead and call
./homestead from Homestead directory
cd Homestead/ composer install ./homestead up
now your project is ready and served at:
http://localhost:2200 if port 8000 is busy, or if you are fancy, you can edit you /etc/hosts, and include a line for
$ sudo vi /etc/hosts 192.168.33.11 laravel5.dev www.laravel5.dev